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New Currency Swap Agreement Signed by Bank of Canada and Bank of Korea

CXI November 28th, 2017
New Currency Swap Agreement Signed by Bank of Canada and Bank of Korea


On November 15, 2017 the Bank of Canada and the Bank of Korea signed a bilateral liquidity swap agreement. This agreement is set to be effective immediately, and will benefit both Canada and Korea should the need arise.

What Is a Currency Swap?


What Caused The Currency Swap Agreement?

The agreement has emerged about a month after South Korea and China’s currency swap agreement almost expired, but then received an extension.

Roughly a month before Canada and South Korea announced their bilateral liquidity swap arrangement, South Korea and China’s eight-year-old currency swap agreement expired.

At the beginning of the expiration week, “South Korean policy makers said bilateral discussions to renew the deal were still under way.” By the end of the week, the deal had been renewed. 

South Korea's Other Currency Swap Agreements

Separate from South Korea's deal with China, they also sustain separate currency swap deals with these other countries:

  • Australia
  • United Arab Emirates
  • Malaysia
  • Indonesia 

South Korea is also part of the Chiang Mai Initiative, which is a multilateral currency swap agreement among Asian nations.

South Korea's Currency Swap Agreement with Canada

South Korea’s newest deal with Canada allows for the provision of liquidity in each jurisdiction to support domestic financial stability should market conditions warrant, according to the Bank of Canada’s press release.

The agreement does this by enabling the Bank of Canada to provide Canadian dollars to South Korean financial institutions, and for the South Korean bank to provide Korean won to financial institutions in Canada.

The Currency Swap Agreement Terms

It's the first of its kind to be signed between Canada and South Korea. There is no limit on liquidity provisions as well as no expiration date. Just like South Korea, Canada also has many similar standing swap agreements, including one with the United States.

As you can see, while Canada and Korea have just formed their own currency swap agreement, these arrangements have been ongoing between them and other countries for years. This is important in their financial stability as it provides a safety net for any crisis that may arise over time.




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